Since 1990-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1.1. Identification numbers
- 2. Maintenance service
2.2. Technical characteristics
2.3. Periodicity of service
2.4. Check of level of engine oil
2.5. Level of a cooling liquid
2.6. Level of a brake liquid and a liquid of a drive of coupling
2.7. A liquid for a windscreen washer
2.8. Accumulator check
2.9. Tyres and pressure check in tyres
2.10. Check of level of oil in an automatic transmission
2.11. Check of level of a liquid in the steering amplifier
2.12. Replacement of oil and the oil filter
2.13. Check and accumulator service
2.14. Accumulator gymnastics
2.15. Check of system of cooling
2.16. Check of hoses, tubes and their replacement
2.17. Check and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
2.18. Shift of tyres
2.19. Suspension bracket and steering check
2.20. Exhaust system check
2.21. Check of level of oil in a transmission and the main transfer
2.22. Check of level of oil in differential (the main transfer)
2.23. Check of brake system
2.24. Check of the vacuum amplifier of brakes
2.25. Check of a manual brake
2.26. Check of fuel system
2.27. Replacement of the fuel filter
2.28. Check and replacement приводного a belt
2.29. Check of a free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
2.30. Check of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling
2.31. Check and replacement of spark plugs
2.32. Check of high-voltage wires
2.33. Check and adjustment of turns of idling
2.34. Replacement of the air filter
2.35. Check and replacement of the valve of ventilation картера (PCV)
2.36. Check of system of catching of steams of fuel
2.37. Check of system of repeated burning of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
2.38. Service of system of cooling
2.39. Replacement of a brake liquid
2.40. Oil replacement in an automatic transmission
2.41. Oil replacement in a mechanical transmission
2.42. Check and adjustment of backlashes of valves
+ 2.43. The basic malfunctions
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. An exhaust system
+ 7. Systems of start, ignition
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling, shaft
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A suspension bracket
+ 12. A steering
+ 13. A body
+ 14. An electric equipment
Check of metal pipelines about a fuel tank
Heats in a motor compartment can lead to deformation of rubber and plastic hoses, their periodic check and replacement therefore is necessary.
For fastening of hoses on connections it is recommended to use screw collars instead of spring which are less reliable.
The neolearnt leaks of liquids
If there are signs that there is a leak of any liquid, but you cannot distinguish type of a liquid or an exact origin it is necessary to leave the car for long time and to put the big piece of a paper or a rag under the car. It will help to find a place of course of a liquid, and also will help to identify a followed liquid on colour. But keep in mind that some leaks can be shown only at the working engine.
Fuel leak precisely to define very difficultly while leak is not becomes essential and, hence, it is easily visible. Fuel tends to evaporate quickly as soon as it contacts with air, especially in a hot motor compartment. Small drops can disappear before you can define a leak place. If you suspect that there is a leak of fuel in the field of a motor compartment then cool the engine and start it, while it cold at an open cowl. Metal elements tend to be compressed in a cold condition, and rubber hoses tend to be weakened, so any leaks will be more obvious, while the engine heats up from start from a cold condition.
Carefully check up all rubber hoses and metal топливопроводы, departing from a fuel tank. Check up the weakened connections, the worn out hoses twirled топливопроводы and other damages. Will pay special attention on pipes of ventilation and hoses which are often overwound round a hose of a jellied mouth and can be blocked, doing a tank difficultly filled. Follow for топливоподающими and returnable hoses to a forward part of the car, carefully examining them completely on signs of damages or corrosion.
In spite of the fact that the brake system hydraulic, the amplifier of brakes increases the effort applied on a brake pedal, using vacuum in the inlet collector, created at engine work. The vacuum is transferred to the amplifier through a hose of the big section. Any негерметичность this hose reduces efficiency of brake system.
Leak in a vacuum hose means that air is sucked in in a hose, instead of leaves a hose, and it does leak very difficult for detection. The detection method consists in using an old vacuum hose, as some kind of a stethoscope. Thus hold one end of a hose close to an ear, and other end use to investigate area round prospective leak. When the hose end will be directly over the leak place, the hissing sound will be clearly audible through an additional hose. It is necessary to avoid contact to hot and moving details as the engine at check should work. Replace all found not tight vacuum hoses.
For replacement it is necessary to use only steel tubes as copper or aluminium tubes do not provide sufficient durability.
Metal pipelines are often used in fuel system. Check up, that the pipeline has not been pressed, deformed, had no cracks and corrosion traces (fig. Check of metal pipelines about a fuel tank see).